it is high time completing sentence rules (Bangla-English-Pdf)

COMPLETING SENTENCE Rules..THE USE OF ..IT IS HIGH TIME/IT IS TIME

it is high time completing sentence rules

আসসালামু আলাইকুম? বন্ধুরা কেমন আছেন সবাই, আশা করি সবাই ভাল আছেন, আজকে আমি আপনাকে দেখাবো, SSC and HSC English 2nd Paper এর Completing Sentence Rules, IT IS HIGH TIME/IT IS TIME সহ এবং Completing Sentence Rules Bangla PDF Download ফাইল,যা আপনারা সহজেই ডাউনলোড করতে পারবেন,এবং শিখতে পারবেন। চলুন শুরু করা যাক।

প্রথমেই দেখুন,

It is time / It is high time

Rule: It is time / It is high time এর পরে infinitive phrase কিংবা past indefinite tense-এর clause উভয়ই ব্যবহার করা যায়। তবে কোনো কাজ করার সঠিক সময় হয়েছে  বোঝাতে infinitive phrase বসে এবং কোনো কাজ করার সঠিক সময় ইতোমধ্যে পার হয়ে গেছে তাই বিলম্ব না করে এ মুহূর্তেই কাজটি শুরু করা উচিত  বোঝানোর জন্য past indefinite tense-এর clause ব্যবহার করতে হয়। উল্লেখ্য যে, এ ধরনের sentence দ্বারা present tense-এর অর্থ প্রকাশ পায়। It is time এর পরিবর্তে It is high time ব্যবহার করলে বেশি জোর / গুরুত্ব বোঝায়। It is time / It is high time এর structure ও উদাহরণ নিচে দেওয়া হলো।

a) It is time / It is high time + (for + object)+ to + verb-এর base form + অন্যান্য

b) It is time / It is high time + sub2 + verb-এর past form + অন্যান্য

Q. It is time to ————.

A. It is time to start the work.

Q. It is high time for us to ————.

A. It is high time for us to attack the enemy.

Q. It is time we ———-.

A. It is time we started our business.

Q. ————— time they changed their eating habits.

A. It’s high time they changed their eating habits.

Q. It’s time we ———-.

A. It’s time we earned our livelihood.

Let alone

Rule 10: Let alone এর অর্থ হলো ‘ভাবা যায় না’, ‘এ কথা বলা নিষ্প্রয়োজন, ‘তো দূরের কথা’ অথবা ‘তা আর এমনকি’ ইত্যাদি। Let alone দ্বারা সাধারণত negative অর্থ প্রকাশ করলেও ক্ষেত্র বিশেষে affirmative অর্থও প্রকাশ করতে পারে। Let alone-এর structure ও উদাহরণ নিচে দেওয়া হলো।

a) Sub + negative verb + তুলনামূলক ছোট বস্তু + কমা (,) + let alone + তুলনামূলক বড় বস্তু।

b) Sub + affirmative verb + তুলনামূলক বড় বস্তু + কমা ( , ) + let alone + তুলনামূলক ছোট বস্তু।

Q. He can’t swim one kilometre, let alone ————.

A. He can’t swim one kilometre, let alone ten kilometres.

Q. She cannot visit a small town, let alone ———-.

A. She cannot visit a small town, let alone a big city.

Q. —————-, let alone one shirt.

Completing Sentence Shortcut Rules (বাাংলায় অর্থসহ)

Rule 1 ► That/so that/in order that (যাকে)

Structure 1:

Present Tense → that/so that/in order that →subject +can/will/may + V1 + obj/ext.

Structure 2: Past Tense→ that/so that/in order that →subject + could/would/might + V1 + obj/ext.

Example:

1. We eat so that we can survive. (আমরা খাই যাতে বেঁচে থাকতে পারি)

2. We ate so that we could survive. (আমরা খেয়েছি যাতে বেঁচে থাকতে পারি।)

3. We eat so that we may live. (আমরা খাই যাতে বাঁচতে পারি।)

4. The farmers sow seeds that they may get a harvest.

(কৃষকরা বীজ বপন করে যাতে তারা ফসল পেতে পারে।)

5. I closed the door so that he might not enter theroom.

(আমি দরজা বন্ধ করে দিলাম যাতে সে ভিতরে না ঢুকতে পারে
রুম)

6. She saved money in order that she could buy a gift.

(তিনি একটি উপহার কিনতে পারেন যাতে তিনি টাকা সঞ্চয়.)

Rule 2 ► As if/as though (এমন… যেন)

Structure 1:

Present Tense→ as if/as though → subject + V2+ object. Or Subject + were + object.

Structure 2: Past Tense→ as if/as though → subject + had +V3 + object. Or Subject + had been + object.

Example:

1. He talks as if he knew everything. (সে এমনভাবে কথা বলে যেন সে সব জানে।)

2. She spoke as if she had known everything. (সে এমনভাবে কথা বলল যেন সে সব জানে)

Rules 3 ► Lest/In case (যাতে.. নানতুবা)

Structure: Any Tense→ Lest→ subject + should/might + V1+ object.

Example:

1. Walk fast lest you should miss the train. (দ্রুত হাঁটুন, যাতে আপনি ট্রেন মিস না করেন)

2. I wrote down her address in case I should forget it.
(আমি যদি ভুলে যাই তার ঠিকানা লিখে রেখেছিলাম।)

3. I’ve bought a chicken in case sakib should stay for lunch. (আমি একটি চিকেন/মুরগি কিনেছি যাতে সাকিব লাঞ্চে থাকতে পারে)

4. They kept watching all night lest robbers should come. (তারা সারারাত পাহারা দিতে থাকে যাতে ডাকাত না আসে)

5. We must take care lest evil thoughts enter our hearts. (মন্দ চিন্তা যেন আমাদের অন্তরে প্রবেশ না করে সেদিকে খেয়াল রাখতে হবে)

6. We must take immediate action lest it grew worse.
(আমাদের অবিলম্বে ব্যবস্থা নিতে হবে যাতে এটি আরও খারাপ না হয়।)

7. He hide in the woods lest the soldiers would find
him. (সে জঙ্গলে লুকিয়ে থাকে পাছে সৈন্যরা খুঁজে না পায়
তাকে।)

8. Take your umbrella lest you should get wet. (আপনার ছাতা নিন যাতে আপনি ভিজে না যান।।)

Rule 4 ► Though/although (যদিও)

1st Clause (কারণ)2nd Clause(ফলাফল)
Positive meaningful sentenceNegative meaningful sentence
Negative meaningful sentencePositive meaningful sentence

Example:

  1. Though he is poor, he is honest. (সে দরিদ্র হলেও সে সৎ।)
  2. Though he knows English, he cannot speak in it. (যদিও সে ইংরেজি জানে, সে এটিতে কথা বলতে পারে না)

Rule 5 ► No sooner had (করতে না করতেই)

Structure: No sooner had + subject + V3 + object →than/before + subject + V2 + object.

Example:

1. No sooner had I reached the station than the train
left. (আজম কেশকন কে াঁোকে না কে াঁোকেই কেনটি চকল কিল।

2. No sooner had we entered the room than they
started clapping. (আজম ককে প্রকবশ করকে না করকেই োরা হাকেোজল কদয়া শুরু করল)

3. No sooner had the teacher entered the class than
the students kept quiet. (জশেক কেজণককে প্রকবশ করকে নাকরকেই জশোর্ীরা চুে হকয় কিল)

4. No sooner had we seen Eva than she started waving.
(আমরা ঈিাকক কদখকে না কদখকেই কস হাে কদালাকে শুরু করল)

5. No sooner had the watchman seen the Police officer
than he started saluting. (প্রহরী েুজলশ অজফসারকক কদখকে নাকদখকেই সযালুট জদকে শুরু করল)

Rule 6 ► Hardly had

Structure: Hardly had + subject + V3 + object→ before/when+ subject + V2 + object.

Example:

1. Hardly had the teacher entered the classroom when
the student kept quiet. (জশেক কেজণককে প্রকবশ করজেইজশোর্ীরা চুে হকয় কিল)

2. Hardly had I seen Sam when he started walking. (আজমসামকক কদখকেই কস হাাঁ টা শুরু করল)

3. Hardly had I started working on the computer whenthe electricity was gone. (আজম কজিউটার অন করকেই জবদ্যযৎচকল কিল)

4. Hardly had Eva seen her mother when she started
crying. (ইভা খুব কমই তার মাকে দেখেছিল যখন সে
কাঁদতে শুরু করেছিল।)

Rule 7 ► Scarcely had

Structure: Scarcely had + subject + V3 + object→ when +subject + V2 + object.

Example:

1. Scarcely had the teacher seen the student when shestarted studying. (জশেককক কদখকেই জশোর্ীরা েড়কে শুরু করল)

2. Scarcely had John started the journey when itstarted raining. (িন ভ্রমণ শুরু করকেই বৃজি শুরু হল)

3. Scarcely had Samuel closed the door when thecalling bell started ringing. (কলিং বেল বাজতে শুরু করলে খুব কমই স্যামুয়েল দরজা বন্ধ করে দিয়েছিল)

Rule 8 ► Barely had

Structure: Barely had+ subject + V3 + object→ when +subject + V2 + object.

Example:

1. Barely had Arthur started the speech when Russell
started questioning. (আর্থার বক্তৃো শুরু করকেই রাকসল প্রশ্ন
করকে শুরু করল)

2. Barely had Eva started cooking when the doorbell
started ringing. (ঈিা রান্না শুরু করকেই কডারকবল বািকে লািল)

3. Barely had Alexander seen Anne when she started
laughing. (আকলক্সান্ডার অযাজনকক কদখকেই কস হাসকল লািল)

4. Barely had Robin entered the room when Tom
started shouting. (রজবন ককে প্রকবশ করকেই টম জচৎকার শুরু করল)

জবকশষ দ্রিবয: Hardly, Scarcely এবাং Barely প্রায় একই অকর্থবযবহৃে হয়।

Rule 9 ► As Soon As (করকেই)

Structure: As soon as + subject + V2 + object→ comma (,)subject + V2 + object.

Example:

1. As soon as Rana sat down, the phone rang. (রানা বসকেই
কফান কবকি উঠল)

2. As soon as he teacher came, there was silence. ( জশেক
আসকেই নীরবো কনকম আসল)

3. As soon as she heard the news, she burst into tears.
(খবরটা কশানা মাত্রই কস কান্নায় কিকে েড়ল)

4. As soon as we reached the station, the train left.
(কেশকন কে াঁেকেই কেন চকল কিল)

5. As soon as the students came to college, the bell
rang. (োত্ররা ককলকি আসকেই কবল কবকি উঠল।)

Rule 10 ► Would you mind? (আেজি করকবন জক?)

Structure 1: Would you mind→ V1 + ing + object.

Example:

1. Would you mind taking a cup of tea? (আেজন জক এক কাে
চা কখকে আেজি করকবন?)

2. Would you mind taking this book back for him?
(আেজন জক োর িনয এই বইটি জফজরকয় জনকে আেজি করকবন?)

3. Would you mind sending that mail for him? (আেজন জক
োর িনয কসই কমইলটি োঠাকে আেজি করকবন?)

Structure 2: Would you mind + If + somebody + V2 +object/ext.

Example:

1. Would you mind if I used your mobile now? (আজম আেনার
কমাবাইল বযবহার করকল আেজন জকেুমকন করকবন?)

2. Would you mind if I borrowed your motorcycle tonight?
(আজম যজদ আি রাকে আেনার কমাটরসাইককলটি ধার কজর োহকল আেজন জকেুমকন
করকবন?)

3. Would you mind if I opened the door? (আজম দরিা খুলকল আেজন
জকেুমকন করকবন?)

Structure 3: Would you mind + Somebody’s + Verb + ing +object/ext.

Example:

1. Would you mind Peter’s staying here with us? (আেজন
জক জেটাকরর এখাকন আমাকদর সাকর্ র্াকার জবষকয় জকেুমকন করকবন?)

2. Would you mind my brother’s coming with us to the
picnic? (আেজন জক আমার িাই আমাকদর সাকর্ জেকজনকক আসাকে জকেু
মকন করকবন?)

Rule 11 ► Till/Until (েযথন্ত)

Structure 1: Present Tense/Future Tense→ Till/Until→Present Tense.

Structure: 2: Past Tense→ Till/Until→ Past Tense.

Example:

1. Just wait till he comes. (জেজন না আসা েযথন্ত অকেো করুন।)

2. We waited until the train came. (আমরা কেন না আসা েযথন্ত
অকেো করজেলাম।)

3. Wait until the rain stops. (বৃজি র্ামা েযথন্ত অকেো করুন।)

4. Wait for me till I do not come back. (আজম জফকর না আসা
েযথন্ত আমার িনয অকেো করুন।)

5. His mother will be nursing him until he comes round.
(োর মা োকক কসবাযত্ন করকে যেেণ না কস সুস্থয হকয় উঠকে)

Rule 1: It is time + for + personal object + to + verb (present form) + ……….

Examples:

It is time for us to attack the enemy.

It is time for them to start the work.

Rule 2: It is time + subject + verb (past form+ ………

Examples:

It is time we went home.

It is time they earned their livelihood.

Rule 3: Present Indefinite + as if/as though + past indefinite.

Examples:

He tells the story as if he knew it.

He runs fast as though he were a mad man.

They donate money as if they were rich man.

Rule 4: Past Indefinite + as if/as though + past perfect.

Examples:

He told the story as if he had known it.

She proceeded as though I had not spoken.

Rule 5: If + Present Indefinite + future indefinite tense.

Examples:

If it rains, we shall not go.

If he wants, I shall help him.

If you play in the rain, you will catch cold.

Rule 6: If + Past Indefinite + would/could + verb (present form).

Examples:

If he came, I would go.

If they wanted, we would help him.

If I had a typewriter, I would type the letters.

Rule 7: If + Past Perfect + would have/could have + verb (past participle form).

Examples:

If I had seen him, I could have told him the news.

If they had started earlier, they could have got the train.

If she had tried, she would have succeeded.

Rule 8: Had + Verb + Past Participle Form + would have/could have + verb (past participle form).

Examples:

Had I seen him, I would have given him the news.

Had he wanted, they would have helped him.

Had I possessed a vast property, I would have established a college.

Rule 9: If + Subject + were + would + verb (present form).

Examples:

If I were a king, I could help the poor.

If I were you, I would not do this.

Rule 10: Present/Future Indefinite Tense + when/after + present perfect.

Examples:

You can go to sleep when, you have taken your dinner.

You will return me the book after, you have finished reading it.

He will swim after, he has changed his dress.

Rule 11: Would that/ I wish + were + ……

Examples:

I wish I were a king.

Would that he were alive today.

Rule 12: Would you mind + verb(ing) + …….?

Examples:

Would you mind taking a cup of tea?

Would you mind opening the door?

Rule 13: It is time + to + verb (present form) + ……….

Examples:

It is time to start the work.

It is time to leave the place.

Rule 14: ……so much/many + …. + that + 1st subject + can/cannot + …….

Examples:

You have so much intelligence that you can get a job.

There are so many problems that I cannot solve them.

You have so much money that you can buy a ticket.

Rule 15: ……too + adjective + to + verb (present form).

Examples:

The man is too old to work.

You are too short to touch the roof.

He is too dishonest to speak the truth.

Rule 16: ……too + adjective/adverb + for + personal object + to + verb (present form).

Examples:

The load is too heavy for me to carry.

The problem was too hard for them to solve.

It is too interesting for us to overlook.

Rule 17: ……so + adjective/adverb + that + 1st subject + cannot/could not + verb (present form).

Examples:

The man was so ill that he could not move.

Many farmers are so poor that they cannot cultivate their land.

The sailors’ throats were so dry that they could not speak.

 Rule 18: ……so that + 1st subject + can/could/may/might + verb (present form) + …………

Examples:

The boy reads more so that he can make a good result.

We eat food so that we can get strength.

He works hard so that he can earn more money.

Rule 19: ……in order that + 1st subject + can/could/may/might + verb (present form) + …………

Examples:

He went to a shop in order that he could sell her shirt.

I saved some money in order that I could buy some books.

They came to me in order that they could see me personally.

Rule 20: ……lest + 1st subject + should + verb (present form) + …………

Examples:

He ran away lest he should be seen.

Read diligently lest you should fail in the examination.

He walked fast lest he should reach school in time.

Rule 21: ……would rather/sooner + verb + than + verb/noun.

Examples:

I would rather die than beg.

He would rather drink tea than coffee.

Rule 22: ……had better + verb (present form) + ……….

Examples:

I had better ring him at once.

You had better leave the place.

He had better go home.

Rule 23: ……how + to + verb (present form) + …..

Examples:

He doesn’t know how to play cricket.

They knew how to talk.

Do you know how to drink tea?

Rule 24: Without + verb(ing) + (meaningful negative sentence).

Examples:

Without reading more you cannot pass.

Without taking physical exercise we cannot keep our body fit.

He will not be able to write well without writing much.

Rule 25: By + verb(ing) + (meaningful affirmative sentence).

Examples:

By reading more we can learn more.

By drinking clean water you can keep your body fit.

We can get power by eating rice and bread.

Rule 26: ……provided/provided that/providing that/if + (meaningful sentence).

Examples:

I will agree to go providing that my expenses are paid.

He will shine in life provided that he works hard.

The plane will take off in time provided the weather is good.

Rule 27: ……since/as/because + (meaningful sentence).

Examples:

As he behaved rough, he was punished.

Everybody loves him because, he is honest.

Crops did not grow well since there was drought.

Rule 28: ……though/although/in spite of/despite of + (alternative meaningful sentence).

Examples:

Though he is poor, he is honest.

In spite of his poverty, he helps the poor.

Although he is rich, he does not help the poor.

Rule 29: ……unless/if…not + (meaningful affirmative sentence).

Examples:

Unless you read attentively, you will fail.

If you not start at once, you will miss the train.

Rule 30: ……instead of/in lieu of + (meaningful word or sentence).

Examples:

Instead of history he took logic.

The boy bought pen instead of pencils.

He ate fish in lieu of meat.

Rule 31: ……because of/on account of/owing to/due to + (meaningful word or sentence).

Examples:

Everybody loves him because of his honesty.

On account of his illness he could not go to the college.

The writer dared no drive due to fog.

Rule 32: ……no sooner…than/scarcely had…when/hardly had…when + past indefinite tense.

Examples:

No sooner had I gone out than he came.

Scarcely had we reached the station when the train left.

Hardly had he reached the college when the examination began.

Rule 33: ……let alone + (meaningful word or phrase).

Examples:

He cannot pass in third division, let alone first division.

I cannot swim a kilometer, let alone ten kilometers.

The old farmer cannot visit a small town, let alone a big town.

Rule 34: ……the place + where + (meaningful affirmative sentence).

Examples:

Jessore is the place where he was born.

A railway station is a place where trains stop.

Paris is the city where UNESCO headquarter is.

Rule 35: ……the time/year/day + when + (meaningful affirmative sentence).

Examples:

Saturday is the day when the week begins.

1971 is the year when Bangladesh became independent.

10 P. M. is the time when we go to bed.

Rule 36: ……that + (meaningful sentence).

Examples:

I know that he is a doctor.

He knows that my address is Jessore.

Rule 37: …….feel, suppose, imagine, discover, know, judge, assume + to be + adjective.

Examples:

We assumed him to be innocent.

He was judged to be guilty.

I know him to be honest.

Rule 38: …….as long as + (meaningful sentence).

Examples:

Wait here as long as it rains.

Allah will help us as long as our aim is honest.

Rule 39: ……till/until + (meaningful affirmative sentence).

Examples:

Wait until, I come back.

Mother will be nursing him till, he comes round.

Rule 40: …….in case + (meaningful sentence).

Examples:

I will come tomorrow in case he wants me.

I want to stay home in case he comes.

He will carry an umbrella in case it rains.

এখন থেকে আর হাত দিয়ে লিখতে হবেনা। মুখ দিয়ে যা বলবেন তাই Text এ পরিনত হবে।

How can i make extra money from home in the evenings (35 Ideas)

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