How to Perform Salat al Isha

How to Perform Salat al Isha A Step-by-Step Guide

How to Perform Salat al Isha

এক নজরে দেখুন আর্টিকেল সূচি

How to Perform Salat al Isha, also known as the Evening Prayer, is one of the five obligatory prayers in Islam. It is performed after sunset and before the complete darkness of the night sets in. This prayer holds immense importance in the life of a Muslim, as it is a means of connecting with Allah and seeking His blessings and guidance. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk through the step-by-step process of performing Salat al Isha.

1. Understanding the Importance of Salat al Isha

isha prayer

Salat al Isha is the fifth and final prayer of the day for Muslims. It signifies the end of the day and the beginning of the night. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) emphasized the importance of this prayer, stating that whoever observes it will have the reward of standing in prayer for half the night.

2. The Timing of Salat al Isha

Salat al Isha is performed after the Maghrib prayer, once the red twilight has disappeared from the sky. It continues until the middle of the night, but it is best to perform it as soon as possible after the Adhan (call to prayer) is called.

3. Making Wudu (Ablution)

Before performing Salat al Isha, it is necessary to perform Wudu (ablution), which involves washing specific parts of the body in a prescribed manner. Here is a brief guide to making Wudu:

isha prayer rakat

  • Begin by saying “Bismillah” (In the name of Allah).
  • Wash your hands up to the wrists three times.
  • Rinse your mouth three times.
  • Clean your nose by sniffing water into it and expelling it three times.
  • Wash your face three times.
  • Wash your arms up to the elbows three times, starting with the right arm.
  • Wipe your head once with wet hands.
  • Wash your feet up to the ankles three times, starting with the right foot.

4. Standing for Salat al Isha

4.1. Takbir al-Ihram (Opening Takbir)

  • Stand facing the Qibla (direction of the Kaaba in Mecca).
  • Raise your hands to your ears, saying “Allahu Akbar” (Allah is the Greatest).
  • Place your right hand over your left on your chest.

4.2. Reciting Surah Al-Fatiha and a Surah

  • Begin by reciting Surah Al-Fatiha, the opening chapter of the Quran.
  • Follow it with another Surah of your choice.

5. Ruk’ah (Bowing)

isha prayers

  • Bow down into Ruk’ah, keeping your back straight and your hands on your knees.
  • Say “Subhana Rabbiyal Adheem” (Glory is to my Lord, the Most Great) three times.

6. Qiyaam (Standing after Ruk’ah)

  • Stand up straight and say “Sami Allahu liman Hamidah, Rabbana lakal Hamd” (Allah hears those who praise Him; our Lord, to You is the praise).
  • Then say “Rabbana lakal Hamd” (Our Lord, to You is the praise) before going into Sujood (prostration).

7. Sujood (Prostration)

isha rakats

7.1. First Sujood

  • Lower yourself into prostration, touching your forehead, nose, both hands, both knees, and toes to the ground.
  • Say “Subhana Rabbiyal A’la” (Glory is to my Lord, the Most High) three times.

7.2. Sitting between Sujood

  • Sit on your knees and say “Rabbighfirli” (O Allah, forgive me) before going into the second Sujood.

7.3. Second Sujood

  • Repeat the prostration, saying “Subhana Rabbiyal A’la” three times.

8. Tashahhud (Testimony of Faith)

  • After the second Sujood, sit on your left foot with your right foot upright, and recite the Tashahhud.
  • “At-tahiyyatu lillahi was-salawatu wat-tayyibat, As-salamu ‘alaika ayyuhan-Nabiyyu wa rahmat-ullahi wa barakatuh, As-salamu ‘alaina wa ‘ala ‘ibadillahis-salihin. Ash-hadu an la ilaha illallah wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasuluh.”
  • This translates to: “All compliments, prayers, and pure words are due to Allah. Peace be upon you, O Prophet, and the mercy of Allah and His blessings. Peace be upon us, and on the righteous servants of Allah. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger.”

9. Tasleem (Ending the Prayer)

isha namaz rakat

  • To conclude the prayer, turn your head to the right and say “Assalamu ‘alaykum wa rahmatullah” (Peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah).
  • Repeat the same to the left, completing the prayer.

Also Read বিতরের নামাজ পড়ার নিয়ম

10. Additional Prayers (Sunnah and Witr)

  • After Salat al Isha, it is recommended to pray the Sunnah prayers, which are voluntary prayers that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) used to perform.
  • The Witr prayer is also highly recommended and is the final prayer of the night. It can be performed as one, three, five, seven, or nine rak’ahs.

how to pray isha namaz

Isha Namaz, also known as Salat al Isha, is the night prayer in Islam. It is performed after the Maghrib prayer and before the Fajr prayer. This prayer holds immense significance as it is an opportunity to seek forgiveness, guidance, and blessings from Allah.

Preparation for Isha Namaz

Before starting the Isha Namaz, it is essential to ensure a few preparations:

  • A Clean and Quiet Place: Find a clean and quiet place where you can concentrate without distractions.
  • Wearing Clean and Modest Clothing: Wear clean and modest clothing as a sign of respect for the prayer.
  • Facing the Qibla: Position yourself facing the Qibla, the direction of the Kaaba in Mecca, as it is the direction all Muslims face when praying.

Isha Namaz: Step-by-Step Guide

Now, let’s go through the steps of performing the Isha Namaz:

Takbir: Beginning the Prayer

  • Raise your hands up to your ears and say “Allahu Akbar” (Allah is the Greatest) to start the prayer.

Qiyam: Standing Position

  • Stand straight with your hands folded over your chest, reciting silently or aloud the intention to perform the Isha prayer.

Surah Al-Fatiha: Recitation of the Opening Surah

  • Recite Surah Al-Fatiha, the opening chapter of the Quran, after the Takbir.

Additional Surah: Recitation of Another Surah

  • Follow Surah Al-Fatiha with the recitation of another Surah of your choice.

Ruku: Bowing Position

  • Bow down into Ruku, keeping your back straight and saying “Subhana Rabbiyal Adheem” (Glory is to my Lord, the Most Great) three times.

Sujood: Prostration

  • Prostrate on the ground, saying “Subhana Rabbiyal A’la” (Glory is to my Lord, the Most High) three times.

Tashahhud: Sitting Position

  • Sit on your knees for the Tashahhud, reciting the Shahada and sending blessings upon the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).

Ending the Prayer with Tasleem

  • Complete the prayer by turning your head to the right and saying “Assalamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullah” (Peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah). Then repeat to the left.

Benefits of Praying Isha

Praying Isha Namaz holds numerous benefits for the believer:

  • Connection with Allah: It is a time to connect with Allah after the day’s activities.
  • Forgiveness: Seeking forgiveness for sins committed during the day.
  • Guidance: Asking for guidance and blessings for the night ahead.

Additional Tips for Performing Isha Namaz

  • Focus on Khushu (Concentration): Try to maintain focus and concentration throughout the prayer, remembering the significance of each position.
  • Recitation: Recite the Quranic verses with Tajweed (proper pronunciation) and ponder over their meanings.
  • Dua (Supplication): Take time after the prayer to make dua, supplicating to Allah for your needs and desires.

Also Read: নামাজ পড়ার নিয়ম, পাঁচ ওয়াক্ত নামাজ পড়ার নিয়মাবলী

যে দু’আটি পাঠ করলে একলক্ষ গুনাহ্ মাফ হয়ে যায়!

How to Perform the Four Rakat Sunnah Part of Salat al Isha

Performing the Sunnah prayers is highly recommended in Islam, as they provide additional opportunities for spiritual growth and closeness to Allah. The Sunnah prayers are voluntary prayers that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) used to perform regularly. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to perform the four rakat Sunnah part of Salat al Isha:

1. Niyyah (Intention)

  • Make the intention (niyyah) in your heart to perform the four rakat Sunnah prayers of Salat al Isha.

2. Begin the Prayer

2.1. First Rak’ah

  • Stand facing the Qibla (direction of the Kaaba in Mecca).
  • Raise your hands to your ears, saying “Allahu Akbar” (Allah is the Greatest) to enter the prayer.
  • Place your right hand over your left on your chest.
  • Recite Surah Al-Fatiha, the opening chapter of the Quran.
  • Follow it with another Surah of your choice.

2.2. Ruk’ah (Bowing)

  • Bow down into Ruk’ah, keeping your back straight and your hands on your knees.
  • Say “Subhana Rabbiyal Adheem” (Glory is to my Lord, the Most Great) three times.

2.3. Qiyaam (Standing after Ruk’ah)

  • Stand up straight and say “Sami Allahu liman Hamidah, Rabbana lakal Hamd” (Allah hears those who praise Him; our Lord, to You is the praise).
  • Then say “Rabbana lakal Hamd” (Our Lord, to You is the praise) before going into Sujood (prostration).

2.4. Sujood (Prostration)

  • Lower yourself into prostration, touching your forehead, nose, both hands, both knees, and toes to the ground.
  • Say “Subhana Rabbiyal A’la” (Glory is to my Lord, the Most High) three times.

2.5. Sitting between Sujood

  • Sit on your knees and say “Rabbighfirli” (O Allah, forgive me) before going into the second Sujood.

2.6. Second Rak’ah

  • Stand up for the second rak’ah.
  • Repeat the same recitation as in the first rak’ah:
    • Surah Al-Fatiha
    • Another Surah
  • Proceed with Ruk’ah, Qiyaam, Sujood, and sitting between Sujood as described above.

2.7. Third and Fourth Rak’ahs

  • Perform the third and fourth rak’ahs in the same manner as the first two rak’ahs, with Surah Al-Fatiha and another Surah.
  • After completing the fourth rak’ah, sit for the Tashahhud (testimony of faith) and recite it as described in the guide for Salat al Isha.

3. Tasleem (Ending the Prayer)

  • To conclude the Sunnah prayer, turn your head to the right and say “Assalamu ‘alaykum wa rahmatullah” (Peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah).
  • Repeat the same to the left, completing the prayer.

Performing the Sunnah prayers, including the four rakat Sunnah part of Salat al Isha, is a way to seek extra blessings and draw closer to Allah. May our prayers be accepted and bring us closer to His mercy and guidance

Also Read: সঠিকভাবে কাজা নামাজ আদায়ের নিয়ম

How to Perform the Four Rakats Fard Part of Salat Al Isha

Salat Al Isha is the obligatory evening prayer in Islam, consisting of four rakats (units) of prayer. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to perform the four rakats fard (obligatory) part of Salat Al Isha:

Step 1: Make Niyyah (Intention)

  • Begin by making the intention (niyyah) in your heart to perform Salat Al Isha, the four rakats fard part, seeking the pleasure and closeness of Allah.

Step 2: Standing for Prayer

  • Stand facing the Qibla (the direction of the Kaaba in Mecca) with devotion and sincerity.
  • Raise your hands up to your ears and say “Allahu Akbar” (Allah is the Greatest) to start the prayer.

Step 3: Recitation of Surah Al-Fatiha and a Surah

  • Begin the prayer by reciting Surah Al-Fatiha, the opening chapter of the Quran.
  • Then, recite another Surah of your choice. It is recommended to recite Surah Al-Ikhlas in the first rakat, and other Surahs in the subsequent rakats.

Step 4: Ruk’ah (Bowing)

  • After the recitation, bow down into Ruk’ah, keeping your back straight and your hands on your knees.
  • While in Ruk’ah, say “Subhana Rabbiyal Adheem” (Glory is to my Lord, the Most Great) three times.

Step 5: Qiyaam (Standing after Ruk’ah)

  • Stand up straight after Ruk’ah and say “Sami Allahu liman Hamidah, Rabbana lakal Hamd” (Allah hears those who praise Him; our Lord, to You is the praise).
  • Then say “Rabbana lakal Hamd” (Our Lord, to You is the praise) before going into Sujood (prostration).

Step 6: Sujood (Prostration)

  • Lower yourself into prostration, touching your forehead, nose, both hands, both knees, and toes to the ground.
  • While in Sujood, say “Subhana Rabbiyal A’la” (Glory is to my Lord, the Most High) three times.

Step 7: Sitting between Sujood

  • Sit on your knees and say “Rabbighfirli” (O Allah, forgive me) before going into the second Sujood.

Step 8: Second Rakat (Repeat Steps 3 to 7)

  • Stand up for the second rakat and repeat the recitation of Surah Al-Fatiha and another Surah.
  • Follow the same steps for Ruk’ah, Qiyaam, Sujood, and sitting between Sujood as in the first rakat.

Step 9: Tashahhud (Testimony of Faith)

  • After the second Sujood of the second rakat, sit on your left foot with your right foot upright and recite the Tashahhud:
    • “At-tahiyyatu lillahi was-salawatu wat-tayyibat, As-salamu ‘alaika ayyuhan-Nabiyyu wa rahmat-ullahi wa barakatuh, As-salamu ‘alaina wa ‘ala ‘ibadillahis-salihin. Ash-hadu an la ilaha illallah wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasuluh.”
    • This translates to: “All compliments, prayers, and pure words are due to Allah. Peace be upon you, O Prophet, and the mercy of Allah and His blessings. Peace be upon us, and on the righteous servants of Allah. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger.”

Step 10: Tasleem (Ending the Prayer)

  • To conclude the prayer, turn your head to the right and say “Assalamu ‘alaykum wa rahmatullah” (Peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah).
  • Repeat the same to the left, completing the two rakats of Salat Al Isha.

Step 11: Additional Rakats (Third and Fourth Rakats)

  • If you are performing Salat Al Isha with congregation in the mosque, the Imam will lead the additional two rakats.
  • If you are praying alone, after completing the two rakats, you can continue with the remaining two rakats in the same manner as described above.

Notes:

  • It is recommended to recite Surah Al-Ikhlas in the first rakat and other Surahs in the subsequent rakats.
  • Remember to perform each action with tranquility and focus, maintaining proper composure throughout the prayer.
  • Salat Al Isha should be performed with sincerity and devotion, seeking the pleasure and closeness of Allah.

Step 12: Third Rakat

  • After completing the Tashahhud of the second rakat, stand up for the third rakat.
  • Begin by reciting Surah Al-Fatiha and another Surah of your choice.
  • Follow the same steps for Ruk’ah, Qiyaam, Sujood, and sitting between Sujood as in the first and second rakats.

Step 13: Fourth Rakat

  • After the Tashahhud of the third rakat, stand up for the fourth and final rakat.
  • Recite Surah Al-Fatiha and another Surah as in the previous rakats.
  • Perform Ruk’ah, Qiyaam, Sujood, and sitting between Sujood as done in the earlier rakats.

Step 14: Tashahhud and Tasleem

  • After the final Sujood of the fourth rakat, sit for the Tashahhud:
    • “At-tahiyyatu lillahi was-salawatu wat-tayyibat, As-salamu ‘alaika ayyuhan-Nabiyyu wa rahmat-ullahi wa barakatuh, As-salamu ‘alaina wa ‘ala ‘ibadillahis-salihin. Ash-hadu an la ilaha illallah wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasuluh.”
    • This translates to: “All compliments, prayers, and pure words are due to Allah. Peace be upon you, O Prophet, and the mercy of Allah and His blessings. Peace be upon us, and on the righteous servants of Allah. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger.”
  • Then, turn your head to the right and say “Assalamu ‘alaykum wa rahmatullah” (Peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah).
  • Repeat the same to the left, completing the four rakats of Salat Al Isha.

Step 15: Additional Prayers (Sunnah and Witr)

  • After Salat Al Isha, it is recommended to pray the Sunnah prayers, which are voluntary prayers that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) used to perform.
  • The Witr prayer is also highly recommended and is the final prayer of the night. It can be performed as one, three, five, seven, or nine rakats

Also Read: Tahajjud Namaz (Niyat-Rakat-Niyom-Time)

How to Perform the Two Rakats Final Sunnah Part of Salat Al Isha

After completing the four rakats fard (obligatory) part of Salat Al Isha, it is recommended to perform the two rakats final Sunnah prayer. This prayer holds significance as it is a voluntary act of worship that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) used to perform regularly. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to perform the two rakats final Sunnah part of Salat Al Isha:

Step 1: Make Niyyah (Intention)

  • Begin by making the intention (niyyah) in your heart to perform the two rakats final Sunnah of Salat Al Isha, seeking the pleasure and closeness of Allah.

Step 2: Standing for Prayer

  • Stand facing the Qibla (the direction of the Kaaba in Mecca) with devotion and sincerity.
  • Raise your hands up to your ears and say “Allahu Akbar” (Allah is the Greatest) to start the prayer.

Step 3: Recitation of Surah Al-Fatiha and a Surah

  • Begin the prayer by reciting Surah Al-Fatiha, the opening chapter of the Quran.
  • Then, recite another Surah of your choice. It is recommended to recite shorter Surahs in these Sunnah prayers.

Step 4: Ruk’ah (Bowing)

  • After the recitation, bow down into Ruk’ah, keeping your back straight and your hands on your knees.
  • While in Ruk’ah, say “Subhana Rabbiyal Adheem” (Glory is to my Lord, the Most Great) three times.

Step 5: Qiyaam (Standing after Ruk’ah)

  • Stand up straight after Ruk’ah and say “Sami Allahu liman Hamidah, Rabbana lakal Hamd” (Allah hears those who praise Him; our Lord, to You is the praise).
  • Then say “Rabbana lakal Hamd” (Our Lord, to You is the praise) before going into Sujood (prostration).

Step 6: Sujood (Prostration)

  • Lower yourself into prostration, touching your forehead, nose, both hands, both knees, and toes to the ground.
  • While in Sujood, say “Subhana Rabbiyal A’la” (Glory is to my Lord, the Most High) three times.

Step 7: Sitting between Sujood

  • Sit on your knees and say “Rabbighfirli” (O Allah, forgive me) before going into the second Sujood.

Step 8: Second Rakat (Repeat Steps 3 to 7)

  • Stand up for the second rakat and repeat the recitation of Surah Al-Fatiha and another Surah.
  • Follow the same steps for Ruk’ah, Qiyaam, Sujood, and sitting between Sujood as in the first rakat.

Step 9: Tashahhud and Tasleem

  • After the final Sujood of the second rakat, sit for the Tashahhud:
    • “At-tahiyyatu lillahi was-salawatu wat-tayyibat, As-salamu ‘alaika ayyuhan-Nabiyyu wa rahmat-ullahi wa barakatuh, As-salamu ‘alaina wa ‘ala ‘ibadillahis-salihin. Ash-hadu an la ilaha illallah wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasuluh.”
    • This translates to: “All compliments, prayers, and pure words are due to Allah. Peace be upon you, O Prophet, and the mercy of Allah and His blessings. Peace be upon us, and on the righteous servants of Allah. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger.”
  • Then, turn your head to the right and say “Assalamu ‘alaykum wa rahmatullah” (Peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah).
  • Repeat the same to the left, completing the two rakats of the final Sunnah part of Salat Al Isha.

11. Conclusion

How to Perform Salat al Isha is a fundamental act of worship in Islam, providing an opportunity to connect with Allah and seek His blessings and guidance. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can ensure that you perform the four rakats fard (obligatory) part of Salat Al Isha correctly.

Remember, Salat Al Isha is not just a routine prayer, but a chance to reflect, seek forgiveness, and express gratitude to Allah for the day’s blessings. Approach this prayer with sincerity and devotion, and may Allah accept it from you.

If you have any further questions or need more guidance on Salat Al Isha or any other aspect of Islam, don’t hesitate to reach out to knowledgeable individuals or local scholars.

Also Read: নামাজের জন্য ১০ টি সূরা | খুবই প্রয়োজনীয়।

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